Why does Plato think philosophers should rule?
Plato believed that philosophers would be the best rulers of society because they’re able to understand true goodness and justice in a way that other people cannot. Because they would understand that the greatest self-benefit is living virtuously, they would act out morally and not out of self-interest.
Where did the concept of justice originate?
Early theories of justice were set out by the Ancient Greek philosophers Plato in his work The Republic, and Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics. Throughout history various theories have been established. Advocates of divine command theory have said that justice issues from God.
What type of good is justice?
Plato’s Republic What are the three kinds of goods mentioned by Glaucon? Socrates suggests JUSTICE is of type 2 (the highest), whereas Glaucon suggests it is of type 3 (the lowest).
How did Plato influence the world?
His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world.
Is justice an intrinsic good?
Something has intrinsic value when it is admired merely for what it is, not for its beneficial consequences. If so, then justice is an extension of duty, thus has intrinsic value. Socrates’ answer is because the person’s soul is benefited from health and living well. Justice, in Socrates’ view then, is beneficial.
Why should I be moral Plato summary?
In this passage from Book II of the Republic, Plato attempts to defend the view that we should behave morally/justly for its own sake rather than for the potential beneficial consequences. In philoso-talk we’d say acting morally is also a good “in itself” and not just an instrumental good.
What is the origin of justice according to glaucon?
First, Glaucon gives an account of the origin of justice. According to this argument, people commit justice unwillingly. Therefore, born of fear, men make compacts with one another in attempt to enforce justice. In contradistinction to Thrasymachus, Glaucon claims that justice is the advantage of the weaker.
How does Plato describe injustice?
Injustice is a disease, one that plagues the soul and causes the deformation of your true inner self. This account of justice has often been contested. Additionally, Plato’s ideal society is often considered an ancient depiction of communism.