What are the 4 macromolecules for living things?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), and each is an important component of the cell and performs a wide array of functions.

What are the 4 macromolecules for living things?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), and each is an important component of the cell and performs a wide array of functions.

What are the 4 macromolecules and their functions?

The four main macromolecules are proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and lipids. They are an important part of the cell and perform essential functions. Proteins are required for growth and maintenance, immunity and also act as enzymes, hormones, etc. Carbohydrates are the main energy source.

What are the 4 macromolecules and examples?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • Proteins (polymers of amino acids)
  • Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars)
  • Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers)
  • Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides)

What are four main types of macromolecules found in living things quizlet?

polymers. The four major groups of macromolecules found in living things are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

What are proteins carbohydrates lipids and nucleic acids?

Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids are organic molecules found in every living organism. These macromolecules are large carbon based structures. The macromolecules are assembled by joining several smaller units, called monomers, together through a chemical reaction called dehydration synthesis.

What are the types of macromolecules?

There are three major types of biological macromolecules in mammalian systems.

  • Carbohydrates.
  • Nucleic acids.
  • Proteins.

What are the 4 types of macromolecules quizlet?

4 Macromolecules: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids Flashcards | Quizlet.

What are the four classes of macromolecules quizlet?

Four main types of macromolecules

  • Carbohydrates.
  • Lipids.
  • Protein.
  • Nucleic acids.

What are the 4 elements found in the backbone of all proteins?

The structure may seem complex, but all proteins are actually made up of around 21 different amino acids, just in many different combinations. Every amino acid has the basic structure shown here consisting of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. This could be called the backbone of the amino acid.

What are lipids monomer?

Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers of lipids.

What are the four major biological macromolecule classes found in living things give examples of two different foods that each have two of these groups found in it?

Comparing the Biological Macromolecules

Macromolecule Basic Formula, key features Examples
Lipids C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group) Butter, oil, cholesterol, beeswax
Carbohydrates C:H:O 1:2:1 Glucose, Fructose, Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose
Nucleic Acids CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate DNA, RNA

What are the four macromolecules quizlet?

Which of the 4 types of macromolecule are enzymes?

Types of biological macromolecules

Biological macromolecule Building blocks Examples
Lipids Fatty acids and glycerol Fats, phospholipids, waxes, oils, grease, steroids
Proteins Amino acids Keratin (found in hair and nails), hormones, enzymes, antibodies
Nucleic acids Nucleotides DNA, RNA

What are macromolecules quizlet?

macromolecule. A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, usually by a condensation reaction. Polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids are examples of this type of molecule.

What are the functions of each of the four biological macromolecules quizlet?

Carbohydrates: main source of energy for plants and animals; proteins: regulation of cellular transportation of materials, cellular processes, formation of structures, and anti-bodies; lipids: storage of energy; storage or transmission of genetic information.

What 4 elements make proteins?

Proteins are one of the primary constituents of living matter. They consist of long chains of amino acids, which are bonded together by peptide linkages and thus called polypeptides. There are about 20 amino acids, and the atoms most prevalent in these are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur.

What are carbohydrates monomers?

A monosaccharide is the monomer that makes up a polysaccharide. In short- Monomer is a general term, while monosaccharide is a specific term for the monomer that makes up a carbohydrate. A monosaccharide is a single sugar molecule. This includes glucose, fructose, and galactose.