What ethical theory supports affirmative action?

What ethical theory supports affirmative action?

Using one of the main ethical theories, consequentialism or more commonly known as utilitarianism, we can dissect affirmative action to see if it is right or not.

What are the differences between deontological and consequentialist approaches to ethical problems?

The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, whereas consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action.

What is an argument against consequentialism?

Consequentialism does not demand a sharp distinction between acts (or whatever else is taken to be the primary subject of moral evaluation) and consequences. Consequentialists, for example, can define right and wrong in terms of the good and the harm one will cause both in acting and through one’s acts.

Does utilitarianism support affirmative action?

For example, one utilitarian argument in favor of affirmative action is that, in the United States, women and African Americans are more likely to live in poverty than white men. Since poverty has a high social cost (welfare, crime etc.) it makes sense to force companies to hire more women and minorities.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of affirmative action?

Many companies now employ affirmative action policies as part of their business models, but there are still some pros and cons to this practice.

  • Advantage: Diverse Workplace.
  • Disadvantage: Creates a Stigma.
  • Advantage: Attracts New Customer Base.
  • Disadvantage: Perception of Reverse Discrimination.

What are some arguments in favor of affirmative action?

Another argument in favor of affirmative action is that racially diverse campuses and universities benefit all students. They are places where you learn to interact with and respect people who are different from you, skills that are essential to living and working in a diverse world.

Why is consequentialism better than deontology?

Both ethical approaches have also been used to support individual liberty, but again for different reasons. Consequentialists focus on the wealth and happiness that free markets and societies create, while deontologists emphasize the greater respect for the rights and dignity of individuals that liberty promotes.

Which one is better consequentialism or deontology?

The Advantages of Deontological Theories Deontological morality, therefore, avoids the overly demanding and alienating aspects of consequentialism and accords more with conventional notions of our moral duties.

What is the biggest problem with consequentialism?

Problems with consequentialism The process of identifying and weighing all the consequences, or even a number of consequences deemed sufficient to make the decision, is often too time consuming for decisions that need to be made quickly. A second problem with applying consequentialism is observer or agent limitation.

What is the most common objection to rule consequentialism?

Call a version of rule consequentialism that is not immediately vulnerable to three standard objections “sophisticated rule consequentialism.” The standard objections are (1) rule consequentialism is guilty of rule worship, (2) the doctrine is utopian in a bad sense, and (3) rule consequentialism either collapses into …

What is affirmative action philosophy?

The principle of affirmative action is to promote societal equality through the preferential treatment of socioeconomically disadvantaged people. Often, these people are disadvantaged for historical reasons, such as oppression or slavery.

Who supported proportionate equality among?

2.2 Proportional Equality. According to Aristotle, there are two kinds of equality, numerical and proportional (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1130b–1132b; cf. Plato, Laws, VI.

What are some pros and cons of affirmative action?

What are the weaknesses of deontology?

Lack of concern for consequences can sometimes be disastrous. No flexibility; deontology leaves the individual with no chance to consider the circumstances or consequences of an action. Intuitively, we seem to accept that certain rules have sensible exceptions for example, we may need to tell a lie to protect others.

What is the problem with deontology?

Recall that: Deontology is a universal ethical theory that considers whether an action itself is right or wrong. Deontologists argue that you can never know what the results will be so it doesn’t make sense to decide whether something is ethical based on outcomes.