How do you solve non-revenue water?

10 steps to reduce water loss and non-revenue water:

How do you solve non-revenue water?

10 steps to reduce water loss and non-revenue water:

  1. Aim for efficient leakage recovery. Leaking pipes and equipment, due to bursts or breaks, is one of the primary causes to water loss.
  2. Divide the water network into sections.
  3. Quick assessment and repair.
  4. Monitor network activities.
  5. Take control of the network pressure.

What are the three components of non-revenue water?

Accordingly, NRW has the following components: Unbilled authorized consumption. Apparent losses (water theft and metering inaccuracies) Real losses (from transmission mains, storage facilities, distribution mains or service connections)

What is the meaning of non-revenue water?

“Non-Revenue Water” (NRW)—defined as the difference between the amount of water put into the distribution system and the amount of water billed to consumers—averages 35% in the region’s cities and can reach much higher levels.

What is unaccounted for water?

Unaccounted-for Water (UFW) is the difference between the quantity of water supplied to a city’s network and the metered quantity of water used by the customers.

What is non-revenue?

Definition of nonrevenue 1 : not productive of revenue nonrevenue equipment. 2 : not arising from current revenue.

What causes non-revenue water?

NRW can occur through physical losses from leaking and broken pipes, which are caused by poor operations and maintenance, the lack of active leakage control, and poor quality of underground assets.

What is non-revenue water PDF?

• Non-Revenue Water is the difference between system input volume and billed authorized. consumption, and it consists of the following: • Unbilled Authorized Consumption (usually a minor component of water balance), • Apparent Losses, and • Real Losses. Non-Revenue Water. Chapter 9.

What is non-revenue water reduction?

If the water losses in developing countries could be halved, the saved water would be enough to supply around 90 million people. We refer to it as non-revenue water (NRW), or water that is pumped and then lost or unaccounted for.

What is non revenue?

What is non revenue water PDF?